Pediatric Surgery

Pediatric surgery may be a subspecialty of surgery involving the surgery of fetuses, infants, children, adolescents, and young adults. Subspecialties of pediatric surgery include: neonatal surgery and fetal surgery. Pediatric surgeons treat children from the early stage through late adolescence. They prefer to make pediatric care the core of their practice, and therefore the unique nature of medical and surgical care of kids is learned from advanced training and knowledge in practice. They diagnose, treat and manage children’s surgical needs including:   Surgery for abnormalities of the groin in childhood and adolescence which include undescended testes, hernias, hydroceles ·         Surgical repair of birth defects ·         Serious injuries that need surgery (for example, liver lacerations, knife wounds, or gun shot wounds) ·         Diagnosis and surgical care of tumors ·         Transplantation operations ·         Endoscopic procedures (bronchoscopy, esophagogastroduodenoscopy, colonoscopy) ·         All other surgical procedures for children   Common pediatric diseases which will require pediatric surgery include:   ·         Congenital malformations: lymphangioma, harelip and palate, esophageal atresia, hypertrophic stenosis, intestinal atresia, NEC, meconium plugs, Hirschsprung's disease, anus, undescended testes, intestinal malrotation ·         Abdominal wall defects: omphalocele, gastroschisis, hernias ·         Chest wall deformities: pectus excavatum ·         Childhood tumors: like neuroblastoma, wilms' tumor, rhabdomyosarcoma, atrt, liver tumors, teratomas, kidney tumors ·         Separation of conjoined twins  

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