Online Journal On Diabetes Mellitus Type 1

 Type 1 diabetes (T1D), previously referred to as type I diabetes, may be a sort of diabetes during which little or no or no insulin is produced by the pancreas. Insulin may be a hormone required for the body to use blood glucose. Before treatment this leads to high blood glucose levels within the body. The classic symptoms are frequent urination, increased thirst, increased hunger, and weight loss. Additional symptoms may include blurry vision, tiredness, and poor wound healing. Symptoms typically develop over a brief period of your time. The cause of type 1 diabetes is unknown, but it is believed to involve a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Risk factors include having a family member with the condition. The underlying mechanism involves an autoimmune destruction of the insulin-producing beta cells within the pancreas. Diabetes is diagnosed by testing the level of sugar or glycated hemoglobin (HbA1C) in the blood. Type 1 diabetes are often distinguished from type 2 by testing for the presence of autoantibodies. There is no known thanks to prevent type 1 diabetes. Treatment with insulin is required for survival. Insulin therapy is typically given by injection slightly below the skin but also can be delivered by an insulin pump. A diet and exercise are important parts of management. If left untreated, diabetes can cause many complications. Complications of relatively rapid onset include diabetic ketoacidosis and nonketotic hyperosmolar coma. Long-term complications include heart condition, stroke, renal failure, foot ulcers and damage to the eyes. Furthermore, complications may arise from low blood glucose caused by excessive dosing of insulin.  

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