Obesity -

 obesity is defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that may impair health. People are generally considered obese when their body mass index (BMI), a measurement obtained by dividing an individual's weight by the square of the person's height, is over 30 kg/m2; the range 25–30 kg/m2 is defined as overweight. Some East Asian countries use lower values. Obesity increases the likelihood of varied diseases and conditions, particularly cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes, obstructive apnea, certain kinds of cancer, osteoarthritis, and depression. Obesity is most commonly caused by a mix of excessive food intake, lack of physical activity, and genetic susceptibility. A few cases are caused primarily by genes, endocrine disorders, medications, or mental disturbance. Childhood obesity is associated with a higher chance of obesity, premature death and disability in adulthood...On average, obese people have a greater energy expenditure than their normal counterparts thanks to the energy required to take care of an increased body mass. Obesity is typically preventable through a mix of social changes and personal choices. Changes to diet and exercising are the most treatments. Diet quality are often improved by reducing the consumption of energy-dense foods, like those high in fat or sugars, and by increasing the intake of dietary fiber.  

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