Pulmonary Embolism

Pulmonary embolism (PE) may be a blockage of an artery within the lungs by a substance that has moved from elsewhere within the body through the bloodstream (embolism). Symptoms of a PE may include shortness of breath, pain particularly upon inhaling , and expulsion blood. Symptoms of a grume within the leg can also be present, like a red, warm, swollen, and painful leg. Signs of a PE include low blood oxygen levels, rapid breathing, rapid pulse , and sometimes a light fever. Severe cases can cause passing out, abnormally low vital sign , and overtime. PE usually results from a grume within the leg that travels to the lung. The danger of blood clots is increased by cancer, prolonged bed rest, smoking, stroke, certain genetic conditions, estrogen-based medication, pregnancy, obesity, and after some sorts of surgery. Alittle proportion of cases are thanks to the embolization of air, fat, or amnionic fluid. Diagnosis is predicated on signs and symptoms together with test results. If the danger is low, a biopsy referred to as a D-dimer may rule out the condition. Otherwise, a CT pulmonary angiography, lung ventilation/perfusion scan, or ultrasound of the legs may confirm the diagnosis. Together, deep vein thrombosis and PE are referred to as venous thromboembolism (VTE).      

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