Biochemistry, also called biological chemistry, is the study of chemical processes within living organisms and related to them. The complexity of life arises from biochemical processes. Biochemistry can be divided into three disciplines: structural biology, enzymology, and metabolism. Biochemistry has been influential in describing living processes through these three disciplines in the last decades of the 20th century.Through biochemical methods and analysis nearly all areas of the life sciences are discovered and established.Biochemistry focuses on understanding the chemical basis which allows biological molecules to give rise to the processes that occur within living cells and between cells, which in turn relates greatly to the study and understanding of tissues and organs, as well as organism structure and function.[Biochemistry is closely related to molecular biology, the study of the molecular mechanisms of biological phenomena.Much of biochemistry deals with the structures, functions, and interactions of biological macromolecules, such as proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates, and lipids, Which provide cell structure and perform many of the life-related functions. The cell's chemistry also relies on the smaller molecules and ion reactions. It can be either inorganic (e.g. water and metal ions), or organic.

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