Transgenesis News Scholarly Peer-review Journal

 Transgenesis is the process of introducing a gene which is generally referred to as a transgene from one organism into the genome of another organism. The aim is that the resulting transgenic organism will express the gene and also exhibits some new property or new characteristic. It can be done by the use of liposomes, plasmid vectors, viral vectors, pronuclear injection, protoplast fusion and ballistic DNA injection etc..One of the main purposes of transgenesis is to transfer genes (human genes) into animals or cells to incite and also observe human diseases.This is made possible by the fact that the genetic code is universal for all the living organisms. Steps involved in the process of transgenesis are outlined as IDENTIFICATION of the host organism which contains desirable genes,ISOLATION of desired gene,TRANSFORMATION,a process of finding a vector that  is to be used to transfer the target gene referred as transgene into the organism being modified.Transgenesis can have implications on Genetic Biodiversity,Ecosystems,The health or survival of individuals,The survival of population ,The evolution of populations. For example it may be used to generate a needed breed of animals that is genetically different thus contributing to genetic diversity. In some cases the transgenic protein may have side effects on the genetically modified animal. This could have a positive or negative impact on the animal's health. The implications are specific to each and depend on the gene being added (or removed), the organism being modified and their environment.

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