Temporomandibular Disorders

That slide and rotate ahead of every ear, and accommodates the jawbone (the lower jaw) and also the os (the facet and base of the skull). The TMJs area unit among the foremost complicated joints within the body. These joints, in conjunction with many muscles, enable the jawbone to maneuvere up and down, facet to facet, and forward and back. once the jawbone and also the joints area unit properly aligned, swish muscle actions, like mastication, talking, yawning, and swallowing, will manifest itself. once these structures (muscles, ligaments, disk, jaw bone, temporal bone) aren't aligned, nor synchronal in movement, many issues could occur.

Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) area unit disorders of the jaw muscles, temporomandibular joints, and also the nerves related to chronic facial pain. Any downside that forestalls the complicated system of muscles, bones, and joints from operating along consonant could lead to temporomandibular disorder.

In several cases, the particular reason behind this disorder might not be clear. Generally the most cause is excessive strain on the jaw joints and also the muscle cluster that controls mastication, swallowing, and speech. This strain could also be results of action. This can be the habitual, involuntary clenching or grinding of the teeth. However trauma to the jaw, the head, or the neck could cause TMD. Inflammatory disease and displacement of the jaw joint disks may cause TMD pain. In different cases, another painful medical condition like fibromyalgia or irritable gut syndrome could overlap with or worsen the pain of TMD. 

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