The term nanoparticle may be a mixture of the words “nanos” (Greek: the dwarf) and “particulum” (Latin: particle). This can refer to a volume, a weight or a unit of time, whereby a nanometer (nm = 10-9 meters) corresponds to one millionth of a millimeter. To illustrate this more graphically, a nanometer has the same relation to a meter as the diameter of a hazelnut to the diameter of the Earth. Check out the Nanowerk metric prefic table and "scale of things". You will also come across the term nanocluster quite often. These are small agglomerates of atoms and molecules, consisting of a few to some thousands of units and have diameters mostly in the single nanometer scale. The name nanoparticle is often used when speaking of bigger clusters with diameters from several nanometers to several hundreds of nanometers, but the distinction between a cluster and a nanoparticle is not well-defined. Nanoparticles frequently have surprising seen houses due to the fact they are small adequate to confine their electrons and produce quantum effects. For instance gold nanoparticles show up deep purple to black in solution. Nanoparticles have a very excessive floor location to quantity ratio. This gives a first-rate riding pressure for diffusion, mainly at extended temperatures. Sintering can take region at decrease temperatures, over shorter time scales than for large particles. This theoretically does no longer have an effect on the density of the remaining product, although go with the flow difficulties and the tendency of nanoparticles to agglomerate complicates matters. The giant floor vicinity to extent ratio additionally reduces the incipient melting temperature of nanoparticles

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