Leishmaniasis is a sickness because of parasites of the Leishmania type. It is spread through the chew of certain forms of sandflies. The ailment can present in 3 important approaches: cutaneous, mucocutaneous, or visceral. The cutaneous form presents with skin ulcers. while the mucocutaneous form presents with ulcers of the skin, mouth, and nose. The visceral form starts with skin ulcers; later it presents with fever, low concentrations of red blood cells, and enlarged spleen and liver. Infections in humans are as a result of more than 20 species of Leishmania. Hazard elements consist of poverty, malnutrition, deforestation, and urbanization.All three kinds may be identified via seeing the parasites under microscopy. Additionally, visceral ailment can be recognized with the aid of blood exams. Leishmaniasis may be partially averted by using sleeping under nets dealt with with insecticide. Different measures include spraying insecticides to kill sandflies and treating humans with the sickness early to prevent in addition spread.The treatment wanted is determined with the aid of wherein the sickness is received, the species of Leishmania, and the type of infection.Some viable medicines used for visceral ailment encompass liposomal amphotericin B, a mixture of pentavalent antimonials and paromomycin, and miltefosine.For cutaneous sickness, paromomycin, fluconazole, or pentamidine can be effective.

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