Diabetes And Metabolic Disorder

 The impaired insulin secretion and variable degrees of peripheral insulin resistance leading to hyperglycemia is defined as Diabetes. Initial signs and indications include polyphagia, polyuria, polydipsia, and blurred vision. Future complications include peripheral neuropathy, nephropathy, vascular disease and predilection to infection. Diagnosis is done by determining the plasma glucose and treatment includes exercise, diet and drugs that reduce glucose levels. Heart disease remains as a foremost reason of mortality in Diabetes Mellitus. The cluster of conditions that occur together by increasing the risk of heart disease, stroke and type 2 diabetes is defined as a Metabolic syndrome. The conditions include high blood sugar, excess body fat around the waist, abnormal cholesterol levels and increased blood pressure. The risk of complications such as type 2 diabetes and heart disease rise even higher when the person develops more of these conditions