Editorial - Advanced Materials Science Research (2023) Volume 6, Issue 3

Rapid creation of creative energy materials using machine learning

Rehemon Khan*

Department of Materials Science and Optoelectronics Engineering, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, China

*Corresponding Author:
Rehemon Khan
Department of Materials Science and Optoelectronics Engineering, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
E-mail: Rehemon13@gmail.com

Received: 02-Jun-2023, Manuscript No. aaamsr-23-104190; Editor assigned: 05-Jun-2023, Pre-QC No aaamsr-23-104190 (PQ); Reviewed: 19- Jun-2023, QC No. aaamsr-23-104190; Revised: 23-Jun-2023, Manuscript No. aaamsr-23-104190 (R); Published: 30-Jun-2023, DOI: 10.37532/ aaasmr.2023.6(3).48-50


The development of algorithmic learning (ML) for the identification of increased energy materials has lately been pushed due to its different advantages in artificial intelligence, data analysis, interpolation, and numerical extrapolation, among other fields. To anticipate material qualities, several algorithms have been created. Here, we first describe the structure of each of the ML algorithms employed in material science. Next, we look at the algorithms recently used to functional materials, such as solar cells, batteries, and phase-change materials. Finally, each algorithm’s benefits and drawbacks are examined to help readers chose the best algorithm for an application in question. To assist readers in selecting an appropriate algorithm for certain applications, the benefits and drawbacks of each method are examined.


Artificial intelligence ML • Energy materials • Algorithms solar cells


Most material-related data in databases is generally not used at all or is used very little. In this instance, finding a novel research strategy is crucial to increasing the rate of material innovation. Artificial intelligence (AI) is now ushering in a new age in material science research. The main algorithmic framework and a solid hardware basis have been developed to enable AI after more than 60 years of advancement [1]. From a simple perceptron to intricate multilayer neural networks, this development has grown. Some extremely sophisticated AI systems have even been able to outperform human world champions in an assortment of games, including chess, Go, and other strategic games [2]. As a result of the field’s heavy reliance on data, the community places significant. Due to the control of material science’s dependence on data, the community places an extensive amount of its focus on AI because of its superior datamining skills. Big data and AI can be used to combine a tonne of pre-existing data to create still untested hypotheses that might direct future study. However, this method is useful for managing sophisticated composite spaces or nonlinear processes, which makes it easier to handle the difficulties now faced in material research [3]. To clarify the compatibility between post-treatment amine molecules and the halide perovskite films and to predict the stability of perovskite films, a model that uses machine learning (ML) was developed based on experimental data. Additionally, successful synthesis of six perovskite substances that had suitable band gaps using the Xgboost approach. Additionally, portable electric gadgets, consumer electronics, and grid-scale energy storage all make extensive use of secondary batteries. They’re perfect for recharging high-efficiency methods, such as mobile phones or electric vehicles. By more rapidly and accurately determining the composition-structure-property correlations of rechargeable battery materials, ML will become a feasible computational tool for rechargeable battery materials .PCM is a class of star materials that can be employed in high power electronic (photovoltaic and wind) and electrification operations [4].

Algorithmic learning techniques

The foundation of mind order to find novel materials, this is done in order to create a model that can be applied without repeating the same experiment or computation. Using ML, we can reveal insights that were previously hidden. Once ML approaches have learnt the rules from a particular set of data, they may build a model and make predictions [5]. One of them is supervised learning, one of ML’s most fundamental procedures, which includes having a subject matter expert examine the data. Despite the fact that accurate labelling of the data is vital for this technique to be successful, supervised learning is an incredibly effective tactic when employed in appropriate circumstances [6].

Benefits and drawbacks of various machine learning methods in materials science

With enough information in the right format, a model for analysing materials may be constructed. The modelling procedure involves choosing appropriate algorithms, practising using practise data, and making accurate forecasts. Four different ML approaches are discussed in the section that follows: supervised learning, unsupervised learning, semi-supervised learning, and reinforcement learning. Since the related outputs of the training data have been labelled, supervised learning is sometimes referred to as “learning with a teacher”. In contrast, the matching results of the training data are unlabeled in unsupervised learning. In semi-supervised learning, just a portion of the training data is labelled while the remaining portion is left unlabeled. The unlabeled data frequently outweigh the labelled data in terms of quantity. Reward signals provided by the environment are used to gauge the model’s performance rather than giving it instructions on how to create actual behaviours [7,8]. The accuracy, drawbacks, and benefits of each ML method in recently published articles were summarised and the proportion of usage of each algorithm in recently published papers is shown. The four different ML approaches mentioned above may be implemented using algorithms, which can be divided into two categories: deep learning and shallow learning. The benefits, drawbacks, and applications of each method were examined in Table 6 for advanced energy materials. Suggested using the linear regression model to estimate solar radiation in Perlis, which is located in Northern Malaysia. There is a linear relationship between the amount of solar radiation and the average air there is a 0.7780 linear association between air temperature and solar radiation. After taking into account outliers, it falls to 0.7473. The correlation coefficient and the value of R2 are raised when the outliers are taken into consideration based on these findings [9,10].


The most accurate way for forecasting material and system behaviour at the moment is machine learning (ML) applications in energy materials research. Finding an appropriate method to use with ML is usually difficult, and researching the various algorithms takes a lot of effort. The most commonly utilised algorithm for solar cells, batteries, and PCMs was ANN (MLP), based to the data we gathered from our investigation and comparison of the most current articles published. This is presumably due to the fact that the input data points for energy materials are typically between 100 and 1000, and the MLP algorithm works well for networks with little data. MLP and other basic neural networks have less separation power than SVM and other robust neural networks. Such a network can perform even better than a backup vector machine by including hidden layers, employing a powerful activation function, and selecting the right number of hidden layer neurons.


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