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Abstract

The cases treated with lung cancer in the hospital center xhaferr kongoli in the period time of 2013-2015

Author(s): Ina Zhika

Introduction: Lung cancer is one of the most common and serious types of cancer. Cancer that begins in the lungs is called primary lung cancer. Cancer that spreads to the lungs from another place in the body is known as secondary lung cancer. There are two main types of primary lung cancer. These are classified by the type of cells in which the cancer starts. They are: 1. Non-small-cell lung cancer – the most common type, accounting for more than 80% of cases; can be squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma or large-cell carcinoma. 2. Small-cell lung cancer – a less common type that usually spreads faster than non-small-cell lung cancer. Imaging techniques used for the detection, characterisation, staging and follow-up of lung cancer are: • Conventional chest radiography, • Computed tomography (CT), • Magnetic resonance (MR), • Positron emission tomography (PET). Methods: This research is descriptive with retrospective components and the data are taken from the book of protocol of the people with Lung Cancer treated in the hospital Center “Xhaferr Kongoli” in the period time of 2013-2015. This study involved 47 patients. Results: From 47 patients 45 are males (96 %) and 2 are females (4%). From these 26 patients or 55% are from the city and 21 patients or 45% are from village. The most affected age is 55-64 years old with 26 patients (55%), over 65 years old with 14 patients (30%), 45-54 years old with 7 patients (15%). From 47 patients 30 are smokers (64%) and 17 patients are non-smokers (36%). Conclusion: Based on the date obtained from patients treated for lung cancer we conclude that: 1. The most frequently affected age group is 55-64 years old. 2. The most affected sex is male. 3. It is more spread in urban areas than rural ones. Lung cancer mainly affects smokers versus non-smokers.


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