Psychosomatic reactions and hypertension In Stress Conditions- Marija Lazarevic Medical school University of Belgrade - SerbiaAuthor(s): Marija Lazarevic
Introduction: Psychosomatic diseases are diseases of the organ in which they arise Psychic and somatic reactions to prolonged stress are involved. It is considered that for the emergence of psychosomatic diseases plays a crucial role in the emotional factor. The Aim of the paper : Determine if there is a difference in behavior and expressing psychosomatic stress responses between healthy and diseased of hypertension, and to prove or reject the hypothesis that HTA is associated with psychosomatic diseases.
Method: The study was performed with patients who were given the original Questionnaire with closed-ended questions about how to respond to stressful situations. Of emotions, fear - withdrawal is mostly involved. The Results: The statistical survey was conducted on a sample of 100 respondents, which are divided into two groups: the group of patients in whom registered hypertension and control group. Research hypotheses have also been formulated: H0 : NTA is not associated with psychosomatic disease; HI : HTA is associated with psychosomatic diseases. As the realized value of χ 2 = 44.72 is greater than the boundary tablevalues of χ 2 = 24,996 for degree of freedom 15 and significance threshold p = 0.05, we reject the null and accept the alternative hypothesis for the error levelp > 0.05, and we conclude that HTA is associated with psychosomatic disease.The following hypothesis was also tested:H0 : there is no correlation between HTA and withdrawal reaction;H1 : There is an association between HTA and the withdrawal reaction. As the realized value of χ 2 = 29.99 is greater than the boundary table values of χ 2 = 3.841 for degree of freedom 1 and significance threshold p = 0.05, we reject zero and accept the alternative hypothesis with error p <0.05 and a P > 95% safety , and we conclude that there is an association between HTA and withdrawal reactions.
Conclusion : Modern psychosomatics suggests one of the integrative models for explaining the psychophysiological mechanisms of arterial formation hypertension. This model contains all the knowledge so far and classic and psychosomatic medicine in an attempt to explain the chain of change they bring about to the end result - elevated blood pressure.