Abstract

Correlation of oral health status among type 2 diabetic and non-diabetic adult population of Muradnagar, Ghaziabad district of India survey

Author(s): Ritu Gupta*

Background: Diabetes mellitus is a rising public health concern in India. It has become one of the most prevalent diseases in the world.

Aim: To assess the overall oral health conditions of the type 2 Diabetic individuals and correlate the oral hygiene, dentition,  periodontal status and socioeconomic conditions among type 2 diabetes mellitus and non-diabetic individuals of Muradnagar.

Methodology: A cross-sectional comparative study was conducted among 250 Type 2 diabetic (noninsulin dependent) and 250 nondiabetic study subjects of Muradnagar block in the district of Ghaziabad from October 2019 to March 2020. The prediagnosed diabetic study subjects who visited the physician and were under treatment in the Community health centre(CHC) of Muradnagar block in Ghaziabad district whereas the non-diabetic study subjects were assessed from the outpatient department of ITS Dental College. A further extended approach was made to correlate the periodontal parameters as well as other oral health indicators and socioeconomic status among the diabetics and no

Background: Diabetes mellitus is a rising public health concern in India. It has become one of the most prevalent diseases in the world.

Aim: To assess the overall oral health conditions of the type 2 Diabetic individuals and correlate the oral hygiene, dentition,  periodontal status and socioeconomic conditions among type 2 diabetes mellitus and non-diabetic individuals of Muradnagar.

Methodology: A cross-sectional comparative study was conducted among 250 Type 2 diabetic (noninsulin dependent) and 250 nondiabetic study subjects of Muradnagar block in the district of Ghaziabad from October 2019 to March 2020. The prediagnosed diabetic study subjects who visited the physician and were under treatment in the Community health centre(CHC) of Muradnagar block in Ghaziabad district whereas the non-diabetic study subjects were assessed from the outpatient department of ITS Dental College. A further extended approach was made to correlate the periodontal parameters as well as other oral health indicators and socioeconomic status among the diabetics and non-diabetic study subjects.

Results: The mean age of the diabetic study subjects was found to be 45.81 ± 5.05 years whereas of non-diabetic study subjects were 40.85 ± 7.7 years. Periodontal pocket was present among 67.2% diabetic study subjects with a mean number of teeth affected with pocket depth of about 4-5 mm in 4.68 ± 2.94 and 6 mm or more in 3.76 ± 2.83 which was comparatively higher than the non-diabetic study subjects..

Conclusion: Thus the study discusses a strong association between diabetes and deteriorated poor periodontal conditions as well as leaves an impact on the overall oral health status of the diabetic study subjects when compared to the non-diabetic study subjects.

n-diabetic study subjects.

Results: The mean age of the diabetic study subjects was found to be 45.81 ± 5.05 years whereas of non-diabetic study subjects were 40.85 ± 7.7 years. Periodontal pocket was present among 67.2% diabetic study subjects with a mean number of teeth affected with pocket depth of about 4-5 mm in 4.68 ± 2.94 and 6 mm or more in 3.76 ± 2.83 which was comparatively higher than the non-diabetic study subjects..

Conclusion: Thus the study discusses a strong association between diabetes and deteriorated poor periodontal conditions as well as leaves an impact on the overall oral health status of the diabetic study subjects when compared to the non-diabetic study subjects.


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