A global review of COVID - 19 pandemic

Author(s): Bahiru Tenaw Goshu

In December 2019, the WHO identified causative agent of outbreak as the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARSCoV- 2) that causes to a disease the so called coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) after a pneumonia cases with unspecified etiology was reported in Wuhan, Hubei province, China. According to a phylogenetic investigation, the virus is meticulously correlated to bat coronavirus RaTG13. Now, in human, asymptomatic carriers can also transmit the virus. The COVID 19 virus is affecting 213 countries and territories around the world and 2 international conveyances and on May 26, 2020 more than 5,603,558 confirmed cases and 348,194 deaths have been reported. The disease has a manifestation of fever, dry cough, and chest pain with pneumonia in severe cases. Initially, it is tried to eliminate the disease in China via isolation but are now transmitted globally. Yet, there are no vaccines and drugs to treat the virus. As it is a novel virus, there are knowledge gaps that misleads to any preventive actions. Therefore, this review provides current scientific facts about the COVID-19 pandemic.