A poison of plant
or animal origin, particularly one created by or derived from microorganisms and acting as matter within the body.
Toxins may be tiny molecules, peptides, or proteins that square measure capable of inflicting sickness on contact with or absorption by body tissues
interacting with biological macromolecules
like enzymes or cellular receptors. Toxins vary greatly in their toxicity, starting from sometimes minor (such as a bee sting) to quickly deadly (such as true bacteria toxin).
Toxins square measure usually distinguished from alternative chemical agents by their technique of production—the word poisonous substance doesn't specify technique of delivery (compare with venom and broader which means of poison—all substances that may also cause disturbances to organisms). It merely suggests that it's a biologically created poison
According to a global Committee of the NGO review of the Biological Weapons Convention, "Toxins square measure toxic product of organisms; not like biological agents, they're inanimate and ineffective of reproducing themselves", and "Since the sign language of the Constitution, there are no disputes among the parties relating to the definition of biological agents or toxins".
According to Title eighteen of the us Code, " the term "toxin" suggests that the hepatotoxic material or product of plants, animals, microorganisms (including, however not restricted to, bacteria, viruses, fungi, rickettsiae or protozoa), or infectious substances, or a recombinant or synthesized molecule, no matter their origin and technique of production.
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