The macromolecule encoded by this cistron may be a extremely preserved, calcium-binding macromolecule, that's preferentially expressed within the liver, urinary organ and different tissues.[ it's going to have a vital role in Ca equilibrium. Studies in rats indicate that this macromolecule may additionally play a task in aging, because it shows age-associated down-regulation. This cistron is an element of a cistron cluster on body Xp11.3-Xp11.23. various junction leads to 2 transcript variants having totally different 5' UTRs, however secret writing identical macromolecule.   Regucalcin may be a projected name for a calcium-binding macromolecule that was discovered in 1978 This macromolecule is additionally called Senescence Marker Protein-30 (SMP30). Regucalcin differs from calmodulin ANd different Ca2+-related proteins because it doesn't contain an EF-hand motif of Ca2+-binding domain. it's going to regulate the impact of Ca2+ on liver cell functions.[From several investigations, regucalcin has been shown to play a multifunctional role in several cell sorts as a regulative macromolecule within the intracellular signal system. Regucalcin (RGN) may be a Ca (Ca2+)-binding macromolecule that plays a vital role within the regulation of Ca2+ equilibrium and has been shown to catalyze a vital step in L-ascorbic acid biogenesis. it's encoded by AN cistron and differs from different Ca2+-binding proteins by lacking the everyday EF-hand Ca2+-binding domain. RGN controls intracellular Ca2+ concentration by regulation the activity of membrane Ca2+ pumps. Moreover, RGN has been indicated to manage the activity of diverse enzymes and to act within the regulation of cell proliferation and caspase-mediated cell death.

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