Bacteriology Open Access Journals
Bacteriology is a branch of microbiology
which deals with the study of bacteria
(single-celled microorganisms which can live as independent organisms as dependently, as parasites) which includes their morphology, ecology, genetics
along with their relation to industries such as medical and agriculture. Bacteriological study subsequently developed a number of specializations such as agricultural or soil bacteriology, industrial bacteriology,clinical diagnostic bacteriology,marine bacteriology, public-health bacteriology, sanitary or hygienic bacteriology and systematic bacteriology( deals with taxonomy).Bacteriology evolved from physicians needing to apply the germ theory to test the concerns relating to the spoilage of foods and wines in the 19th century.This field has also allowed researchers to identify some of the beneficial effects of these organisms leading to their usage in various industries like biotechnology,food industries and agriculture .Major advancements in bacteriology over the last century resulted in the development of many effective vaccines such as pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine, diphtheria toxoid ,tetanus toxoid ,cholera, typhoid and plague vaccines .There have also been some vaccines that were not as effective and have side effects for example, typhoid vaccine.
Bacteriology has also provided discovery of antibiotics.Other successful advancements are discovery of antibiotics,improvements in sanitation and water purification
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