Commentary - Pharmaceutical Bioprocessing (2022) Volume 10, Issue 3

A Note on Membrane Bio-processing to Remove Oil from Water

Jose Sanchez-Marcano*

European Institute of Membranes (IEM), ENSCM, UM2, CNRS, University of Montpellier 2, CC 047, Place Eugène Bataillon 34095, France

*Corresponding Author:


European Institute of Membranes (IEM), ENSCM, UM2, CNRS, University of Montpellier 2, CC 047, Place Eugène Bataillon 34095, France


Received: 02-May-2022, Manuscript No. fmpb-22-50100; Editor assigned: 03-May-20220, PreQC No. fmpb- 22-50100 (PQ); Reviewed: 16-May- 2022, QC No. fmpb-22-50100; Revised: 23-May-2022, Manuscript No. fmpb-22-50100 (R); Published: 30-May-2022 DOI: 10.37532/2048- 9145.2022.10(3).54-55


Conventional WW treatment technologies aren’t economical enough to fully take away all prescribed drugs from water. Indeed, these compounds are getting associate degree actual public pathological state, as a result of they’re a lot of and a lot of gift in underground and even in potable waters. completely different aspects regarding the benefits of membrane bioreactors for prescribed drugs removal square measure mentioned, in addition because the newer studies on protein membrane reactors to the depletion of those recalcitrant compounds.


Strain consortiums • pharmaceutical small pollutants • consortiums.


Pharmaceutical compounds are endlessly free within the surroundings since their initial applications for human or doctor functions at the tip of the nineteenth century. they’re used worldwide, and improved living conditions, in addition because the growing human ecology have diode to their perpetually increasing discharges round the world. prescribed drugs represent over 4000 completely different molecules with a production of many one hundred,000 tons annually. Pharmaceutical small pollutants found in waters return from many contamination sources, like urban and industrial wastewaters, agriculture, blue culture or soil contamination in husbandry for medical aid or growth promoter functions. once being consumed by humans or animals, a number of these strain consortiums compounds square measure metabolized, whereas others stay un-metabolized and square measure ultimately eliminated from the body [1]. Water Framework Directive 2000/60/ CE from 23 October 2000 is a management plan that aims at achieving a good water quality in 2015 by progressively reducing emissions of priority substances and eliminating dangerous compound discharges in 2021 with wastewater treatments improvement. The preservation of the aquatic environment can require the modification of emissions limits for specific effluents containing micro pollutants. Thus, a good ecological and chemical state of surface and ground water will be expected. However, as far as these being relatively diluted in wastewaters, only the development of sensible-enough analytical methods has opened up the possibility to identify and monitor them in water effluents. In the past, they have therefore not been considered as priority pollutants to target [2]. In the past, they have therefore not been considered as priority pollutants to target [2]. Some studies have noticed the presence of pharmaceutical compounds, as well as their transformation products at the exit of wastewater treatment plants in surface water, in groundwater, adsorbed on sediments and even in drinking water.


Classical biological treatments aren’t able to run through fully all of the prescribed drugs gift in wastewaters. However, some microorganisms square measure able to metabolise these molecules and even to whole degrade a number of them [3]. Current effluent treatment processes continually involve biological technologies; among the various processes used, the activated sludge (AS) system is that the commonest one. it’s supported aeration and agitation of effluent, that contains a really massive spectra biomass population; some strain consortiums square measure able to degrade classical macro pollutants (C, N, P), whereas alternative consortiums square measure able to adapt to explicit pollutants, like chemicals, permitting their degradation [4].

According to the role contend by the membrane, 2 sorts of protein membrane reactors (EMRs). within the initial case, the protein reactor is related to a filtration unit,s and therefore the membrane acts as a barrier; it retains the biocatalysts within the reactor throughout the method, whereas reaction product square measure transferred through the membrane. Actually, solely the second case corresponds to a real protein membrane reactor.

The possibility of uncoupling the hydraulic and sludge retention time (HRT and SRT) in tangential filtration could be a clear advantage with regard to ancient gravity subsidence , because it permits MBRs to realize a high sludge retention time (SRT) at intervals compact reactor volumes, that could be a nice improvement compared to traditional AS systems. Indeed, they will attain higher degradation yields than classical AS processes [5]. They over that some compounds, like carbamazepine, square measure very refractory to decomposition within the MBR, even at high SRT, whereas others, like NSAID, were removed by over ninetieth. MBR and AS processes are applied for the removal of some poorly persistent polar contaminants, like diclofenac, mecoprop and sulfophenylcarboxylate, by Saint Patrick et al.



Conflict of Interest

No conflict of interest


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  2. Li WC. Occurrence, sources, and fate of pharmaceuticals in aquatic environment and soil.Environ. Pollute. 187, 193-201 (2014).
  3. Heberer T. Occurrence, fate, and removal of pharmaceutical residues in the aquatic environment:A review of recent research data. Toxicol. Lett. 131, 5-17 (2002).
  4. Banci L, Ciofi-Baffoni S, Tien M Lignin et al. Peroxidase-catalyzed oxidation of phenolic lignin oligomers. Biochemistry. 38, 3205-3210 (1999).
  5. Deblonde T, Cossu-Leguille C, Hartemann P et al. Emerging pollutants in wastewater: A review of the literature. Int J Hyg Environ Heal. 214, 442-448 (2011).
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