Risk Factors for Obesity and Unhealthy Weight Gain in Autism Spectrum Disorder Children

Author(s): Kettle Shannon

A developmental disorder known as Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is characterized by repetitive behaviors as well as deficits in social and communication skills. Additionally, children with ASD are more likely than children with normal development to become overweight or obese (TD). Obesity in childhood has been linked to a variety of negative health outcomes, such as insulin resistance, diabetes, heart disease, and some types of cancer. Importantly, lifestyle factors and biological influences, in addition to secondary comorbidities and medications, play a mediating role in these higher obesity rates. This review provides a summary of the most recent findings regarding behavioral and lifestyle factors that may contribute to children with ASD's unhealthy weight gain. It also discusses the most recent findings regarding emerging risk factors, such as the potential influence of sleep issues, the gut micro biome, endocrine influences, and maternal metabolic disorders. We also talk about some of these risk factors' clinical implications and areas for future research.