Exploring Osteoarthritis: Origins, Indications, and Approaches to Management

Author(s): Doria Andrea

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a prevalent degenerative joint condition characterized by the gradual breakdown of joint cartilage and underlying bone, affecting millions worldwide. This article provides a comprehensive overview of OA, exploring its causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment options. Age, genetics, joint injuries, obesity, and joint misalignment contribute to OA development. Common symptoms include joint pain, stiffness, swelling, and limited range of motion. Diagnosis involves clinical evaluation and imaging studies, with X-rays and MRIs playing key roles. Treatment encompasses lifestyle modifications, medications, physical therapy, assistive devices, and surgical interventions in severe cases. Understanding OA's complexities is crucial for effective management, with ongoing research offering hope for improved therapeutic approaches.