Empowering Nursing Students: Unraveling the Obstacles to Motivation in Clinical Education

Author(s): Nazrul Islam

Motivating nursing students during their clinical education is a critical aspect of nursing education. However, understanding the challenges faced by educators and students in this context is essential for the development of effective strategies to enhance motivation. This grounded theory study aims to explore the nursing challenges encountered in motivating nursing students during their clinical education. The study utilized a qualitative research design, employing semi-structured interviews with nursing educators and students in various clinical settings. The interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed, and subjected to rigorous analysis using grounded theory methodology. Theoretical sampling was employed until data saturation was achieved, ensuring comprehensive coverage of participants' perspectives.

The findings revealed several key challenges that hindered the motivation of nursing students during clinical education. These challenges included limited autonomy and decision-making opportunities, overwhelming workload and time constraints, lack of positive role models, inadequate feedback and recognition, and emotional stress and burnout. These challenges were interconnected, forming a complex web of factors that influenced student motivation. Based on the analysis of the challenges, the study proposed a theoretical framework highlighting the importance of student-centered approaches, mentorship programs, constructive feedback mechanisms, and support systems to enhance student motivation during clinical education. This framework emphasized the need for collaborative efforts between nursing educators, clinical preceptors, and healthcare institutions to address these challenges effectively.