Autoimmune Diseases: Unraveling the Body's Internal Struggle

Author(s): Doria Andrea

Autoimmune diseases represent a group of complex disorders wherein the immune system, designed to safeguard the body, mistakenly targets its own cells and tissues. This breakdown in self-tolerance leads to a diverse range of conditions, each manifesting with unique symptoms and affecting specific organs or multiple systems. While the precise etiology remains elusive, a combination of genetic, environmental, and hormonal factors is implicated. Common autoimmune diseases include rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, type 1 diabetes, multiple sclerosis, and celiac disease. Diagnosis involves a multifaceted approach, and treatment aims to modulate the immune response and alleviate symptoms. Ongoing research endeavors focus on unraveling the intricacies of autoimmune diseases, seeking to advance our understanding, develop targeted therapies, and pave the way for improved patient outcomes.