Osteomalacia Open Access Articles

 Osteoporosis was defined previously by a consensus panel as a “disease characterized by low bone mass and microarchitectural deterioration of bone tissue resulting in enhanced bone fragility and a consequent increase in fracture incidence.” consistent with this definition, the diagnosis of osteoporosis requires the presence of a fracture. the planet Health Organization now defines osteoporosis by bone mineral density (BMD) measurement, which allows diagnosis and treatment of osteoporosis before incident fracture. If a lady has BMD measurement at any site < 2.5 standard deviations below the young adult standard (a T score of < −2.5), the diagnosis of osteoporosis are often made. Further, women with osteopenia (low bone mass, with a T score of ≥ −2.5 but < −1) and normal bone mass (with a T score of ≥ −1) also can be identified. Thus, the clinician can make the diagnosis of osteoporosis and start the acceptable therapy before fracture in older adults. additionally , women with osteopenia are often placed on a preventive regimen then followed carefully for further bone loss. Specific standards for definitions of osteoporosis haven't been established for men or for racial and ethnic groups aside from white persons, although it appears that similar standards apply to men and to Hispanic women.  

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