Neuroprotection refers to the relative preservation of neural structure and/or operate.[1] within the case of AN current insult (a neurodegenerative insult) the relative preservation of neural integrity implies a discount within the rate of neural loss over time, which might be expressed as a equation.[1] it's a wide explored treatment possibility for several central system (CNS) disorders as well as neurodegenerative diseases, stroke, traumatic brain injury, funiculus injury, and acute management of toxin consumption (i.e. deoxyephedrine overdoses). Neuroprotection aims to stop or slow unwellness progression and secondary injuries by halting or a minimum of swiftness the loss of neurons.[2] Despite variations in symptoms or injuries related to system disorders, several of the mechanisms behind neurodegeneration square measure an equivalent. Common mechanisms embrace exaggerated levels in aerophilous stress, mitochondrial pathology, excitotoxicity, inflammatory changes, iron accumulation, and supermolecule aggregation.[2][3][4] of those mechanisms, neuroprotective treatments typically target aerophilous stress and excitotoxicity—both of that square measure extremely related to system disorders. Not solely will aerophilous stress and excitotoxicity trigger vegetative cell death however once combined they need synergistic effects that cause even additional degradation than on their own.[5] therefore limiting excitotoxicity and aerophilous stress could be a vital facet of neuroprotection. Common neuroprotective treatments square measure salt antagonists and antioxidants, that aim to limit excitotoxicity and aerophilous stress severally.