Health Care

 Corona virus disease- 2019 is caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome- 2 (SARS-CoV-2), also, known as Novel corona virus (2019-nCoV). The disease, in its present state, emerged in Wuhan, Hubei province, China. On March 11th, 2020, World Health Organization (WHO) declared the Corona virus disease2019 caused by Novel corona virus (2019-nCoV) as a pandemic. At the time of writing, it has spread to 213 countries so far and affected 2544791 people across the globe with 175694 reported deaths. In India, 681 deaths have been reported with the disease affecting 21393 people. A phase-adjusted estimation of epidemic dynamic assumed that the effective reproduction number R○ was 3.1 and could gradually decrease which is comparably higher than the past COVID infection such as SARS and MERS . To date, seven Human Corona viruses (HCoVes) have been identified of being capable of infecting human . SARS-2 is the 7th and transmitted mainly via the respiratory droplets or, close contacts with the infected people . In later stages, the virus has, also, been detected in the anal swabs of the affected patients suggesting the possibility of oral-faecal route of transmission. As per date, no known efficient therapy including drugs or, vaccine has been approved for its treatment. Although anti-viral drugs such as Remdesivir, Ribavirin, Favipiravir along.

 

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