Vaccination and Immunization: The Importance of Vaccination

Author(s): Rigsb Cynthia

Vaccination and immunization are essential tools in the prevention and control of infectious diseases. Vaccines work by stimulating the body’s immune system to produce a protective response against specific infectious agents, such as viruses or bacteria. Immunization refers to the process of acquiring immunity to a particular disease through vaccination or exposure to the disease itself. Vaccination has proven to be one of the most effective public health interventions in history, preventing millions of deaths and illnesses each year. Through widespread vaccination programs, many infectious diseases such as smallpox, polio, and measles have been largely eradicated or brought under control. However, vaccine hesitancy and misinformation have become major obstacles to the success of vaccination programs. The spread of false information about vaccines has led to a decrease in vaccination rates, which in turn has resulted in the resurgence of preventable diseases.