Tracing the effects of epigenetic factors on midface growth, upper airway collapse and intermittent Hypoxia

Author(s): David Zimmerman

Most primary health issues are combined. The primary issues created by early embryonic exposure to sugar, tobacco and/or alcohol are (1) a smaller midface, resulting impairment of the upper respiratory tract means changes in breathing gas-flows and (2) by repositioning the mandible its bilaminar zone compression results in a nociceptive barrage into the nucleus of the solitary tract overwhelming the central nervous system with subclinical pain and carries the tongue into the throat frequently. Such impairment is resultant from these at least one of these three epigenetic factors expelling Neural Crest cells in favour of slower growth via HOX genes.