Straightening Out the Facts: A Comprehensive Guide to Axial Spondyloarthritis and Its Effects on the Back

Author(s): Zehae Liu

Axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) is a chronic inflammatory condition primarily affecting the spine and sacroiliac joints, leading to back pain and stiffness. This abstract provides an overview of axSpA, discussing its clinical presentation, diagnostic criteria, and management strategies. We explore the pathogenesis of axSpA, emphasizing the role of genetic factors and immune dysregulation. Early diagnosis and intervention are crucial in preventing long-term disability and improving quality of life. Treatment options, including non-pharmacological approaches and biologic therapies, are discussed to highlight the evolving landscape of axSpA management. Finally, we consider the psychosocial impact of axSpA on patients and the importance of a holistic approach to care. This abstract aims to increase awareness and understanding of axSpA, facilitating better management and improved outcomes for individuals affected by this condition.