Role of Nanostructured Materials in Biomedical Applications

Author(s): Barner Wang

Nanostructured materials have made recent advances that are widely used in many fields, especially in the biomedical field. Numerous significant issues, particularly those pertaining to their applications in biomedicine, must be resolved before using nanostructured materials in clinical settings. Biomedical issues include compatibility, toxicity, biological activity, and nano-bio interfacial characteristics. We may in this way explore the nanostructured materials for biomedical applications with the guide of present day portrayal procedures. Using cutting-edge characterization techniques, this overview article demonstrates the current state of nanostructured materials in the biomedical field, their applications, and the significance of characterization methods. In this article, the methods for examining the geography of nanostructures, including Field Emanation Filtering Electron Microscopy (FESEM), Dynamic Light Dispersing (DLS), Checking Test Microscopy (SPM), Close field Checking Optical Microscopy (NSOM), and Confocal microscopy, are portrayed. X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and magnetic resonance force microscopy (MRFM) are also discussed as internal structural investigation methods. Composition analysis methods like X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS), Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (EDS), Auger Electron Spectroscopy (AES), and Secondary Ion Mass Spectroscopy (SIMS) have also been talked about. This overview provides a comprehensive explanation of the essence of nanomaterials in relation to physics, chemistry, and biology, as well as case studies for characterization methods. Moreover, the imperatives and hardships with example and examination that are connected with appreciating nanostructured materials have been recognized and tended to in this review.