Renal Physiology

Author(s): Zyan Albert

The kidney, ureters, and urethra make up the renal system. The system as a whole filters around 200 litres of fluid each day from renal blood flow, enabling the excretion of toxins, metabolic waste products, and excess ions while maintaining the blood’s necessary components. By adjusting the blood’s concentration of water, solutes, and electrolytes, the kidney controls the plasma osmolarity. It generates erythropoietin, which increases the creation of red blood cells, and ensures long-term acid-base equilibrium. Additionally, it generates renin to control blood pressure and transforms vitamin D into its active form. This article will concentrate on the renal development, the process of producing and excreting urine, and the clinical importance of the renal system [1].

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