Paediatric hypertension: The importance of prevention and early diagnosis

Author(s): Vanessa Costa, Marilia Loureiro

High Blood Pressure and Hypertension (HTN) in pediatrics are increasing as a result of sedentary lifestyle associated with overweight and obesity that are becoming more prevalent in this population. Despite being a silent disease, it is associated early on with end-organ injuries that increase cardiovascular risk in adults and therefore lead to serious and sometimes fatal events. In addition to prevention, the correct diagnosis and early therapeutics are of great importance. This article aims to alert about the risks of high blood pressure in childhood and adolescence, preventive measures and early interventions, especially in those with primary HTN.