Innovative Methods for Gestational Diabetes Mellitus Diagnosis, Risk Factor Identification, and Management

Author(s): Augustine Mess

Gestational diabetes mellitus is one of the biggest obstacles to bettering mother and child health. It affects around 5% of pregnancies and raises the risk of microsomal, shoulder dystocia, neonatal hypoglycaemia, and hyperbilirubinemia for both the mother and the unborn child. It also increases the chance of surgical vaginal birth and caesarean birth. The pathogenesis, epidemiology, risk factors, and therapy of gestational diabetes mellitus were the main topics of this review paper. Using the common keywords “Gestational Diabetes”, “Diabetes”, and “Pregnancy disorder”, a thorough evaluation of the literature was conducted using the main databases Scopus, Elsevier, and PubMed. In this article, we examine how gestational diabetes affects long-term mother and infant outcomes as well as potential health issues that would likely persist into the following generation. To comprehend the underlying pathophysiology of the condition and the urgent need to broaden our scientific toolkit in order to discover solutions to prevent and cure Gestational Diabetes Mellitus, we review the most recent clinical survey data and model of the disease. In addition to the difficulties now encountered in the epidemiology, diagnostic methods, pathophysiology, risk factor, and therapy of gestational diabetes mellitus, this discussion will also include advanced clinical care for gestational diabetes mellitus.