Child abuse resulting in head trauma

Author(s): Xian hu

Abusive Head Trauma (AHT), formerly known as shaken infant syndrome, is a condition in which a baby or kid less than 5 years of age has a skull and intracranial injury as a result of a forceful shake and/or abrupt impact. It is the biggest cause of fatal brain injuries in kids under 2 around the world. The acceleration, deceleration, and rotational forces involved in AHT's process also because shaking, impact, crushing, or different combinations of these forces. The presence of various symptoms, such as subdural hematoma, cerebral pathology, retinal hemorrhages, as well as rib and other fractures compatible with the mechanism of trauma, should be used to make the diagnosis of AHT. The differential diagnosis must rule out any medical or surgical conditions such traumatic brain injury, cerebral sinovenous thrombosis, or hypoxic-ischemic injury that can mimic AHT. The majority of AHT treatment is supportive in nature. Maintaining vital indicators is important. To achieve proper cerebral perfusion pressure, intracranial pressure should be monitored and regulated as needed. AHT has the potential for morbidity and mortality, which can range from slight learning difficulties to serious impairments and death.