Association of bacteria with periodontal-disease

Author(s): Kazuhiro Shimizu*

Infection with periodontal-disease-associated bacteria (PDAB) like Porphyromonas gulae and Porphyromonas macacae results in the most common oral disease known as periodontal disease (PD). Dissimilar to people, most canines don’t follow everyday oral cleanliness schedule, and this outcomes in many canines being impacted by PD. Therefore, controlling PDAB is essential for PD prevention. Xylitol is a sugar alcohol that prevents oral bacteria from growing in humans. However, dogs are poisoned by xylitol, and it can cause hypoglycaemia and liver failure. The growth of PDAB isolated from dogs with PD is inhibited by erythritol, a sugar alcohol that can be used safely in dogs. The distribution of PDAB was examined after oral bacteria were isolated from dogs with Parkinson’s disease’s oral cavities. It’s interesting to note that dog samples did not contain the bacterium Porphyromonas gingivalis, which typically causes Parkinson’s disease in humans. On isolated PDAB, in vitro bacteriostatic effects of erythritol supplementation were investigated. According to our findings, erythritol has a bacteriostatic effect on PDAB that is comparable to that of xylitol. As a result, erythritol could be used in the future to control PDAB in dogs.