A Roadside Animal Detection System in South Africa

Author(s): Irene Nandutu

Many animal-vehicle accidents on South African roads remain rampant. The collisions have damaged properties, harmed human race and wildlife species. Factors such as changes in human and animal behaviors, road features, connectivity and climate have contributed to
roadkill. Destabilization of animal species in their habitats is highly attributed to anthropogenic activities. Humans engage in activities such as wildfires and emission of green gasses that are harsh to these vertebrates. These acts have led to a rise in species distribution in seek for new habitat that is conducive. The movements if not monitored will drastically increase mortality rates. In February 2012, at least 470 wildlife animals were killed in South Africa. Birds were the leading victims, followed by reptiles, mammals and amphibians. These killings also happen globally and in other parts of Africa. Because of these deaths, intelligent monitoring systems are deployed to monitor wildlife. Globally, traditional systems such as overpasses and underpasses, and automated systems such as break the beam, Tripwire, etc are adopted to mitigate roadkill.