A Comprehensive Review of Bursitis Biological Process, Identification and Surgical Options

Author(s): Aziz ul Hakim

Bursitis is a prevalent orthopedic condition characterized by the inflammation of bursa, small sacs filled with synovial fluid that cushion and lubricate joints. This review abstract provides a concise overview of the key aspects of bursitis, including its pathophysiology, clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment strategies. Bursitis typically arises from overuse, repetitive motion, traumatic injury, or, in rare cases, bacterial infection. The condition manifests with localized pain, swelling, tenderness, and restricted joint mobility. Accurate diagnosis is pivotal and often involves physical examination, imaging studies, and joint fluid aspiration to rule out infection. The treatment of bursitis varies based on its cause and severity. It encompasses rest, activity modification, ice therapy, anti-inflammatory medications, physical therapy, corticosteroid injections, and, in cases of septic bursitis, antibiotic therapy. Management aims to alleviate symptoms, reduce inflammation, and restore joint function. Prevention strategies emphasize ergonomic practices, protective measures, and gradual activity progression to minimize overuse. Most cases of bursitis respond well to treatment, enabling individuals to return to their regular activities with improved joint health. Bursitis is a common orthopedic ailment that can significantly impact an individual's daily life. A comprehensive understanding of its etiology, clinical manifestations, and management options is essential for healthcare providers to offer effective care and improve patient outcomes. Further research and innovations in the field continue to advance our knowledge and enhance therapeutic approaches for bursitis.