Spinal Bifida Scholarly Peer Review Journal

 Spina bifida may be a congenital anomaly that happens when the spine and medulla spinalis don't form properly. it is a sort of ectoderm defect. The ectoderm is that the structure during a developing embryo that eventually becomes the baby's brain, medulla spinalis and therefore the tissues that enclose them. Spina bifida may be a congenital anomaly during which there's incomplete closing of the spine and therefore the membranes round the medulla spinalis during early development in pregnancy. There are three main types: rachischisis occulta, meningocele and myelomeningocele. the foremost common location is that the lower back, but in rare cases it's going to be within the middle back or neck. Occulta has no or only mild signs, which can include a hairy patch, dimple, dark spot or swelling on the rear at the location of the gap within the spine. Meningocele typically causes mild problems, with a sac of fluid present at the gap within the spine. Myelomeningocele, also referred to as open rachischisis , is that the most severe form. Problems related to this type include poor ability to steer , impaired bladder or bowel control, accumulation of fluid within the brain (hydrocephalus), a tethered medulla spinalis and latex allergy. Learning problems are relatively uncommon. Spina bifida is believed to flow from to a mixture of genetic and environmental factors.  

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