Open Access Articles On Aerobic Exercise Training In HIV

 People with HIV live longer with the health-related consequences of HIV, multi-morbidity, and aging. Exercise may be a key strategy which will improve or sustain health for people living with HIV. Our ambition was to audit the safety and capability of aerobic exercise interventions on immunological, virological, cardiorespiratory, strength, weight, body composition, and psychological outcomes in adults living with HIV. We conducted a scientific review using the Cochrane Collaboration protocol. We searched databases up to April 2013. We included randomized controlled trials comparing aerobics with no exercise or another intervention performed a minimum of 3 times per week for a minimum of four weeks among adults living with HIV. Two reviewers independently determined study eligibility. Data were extracted from studies that met inclusion criteria using standardized forms. We assessed risk of bias using the Cochrane Collaboration’s tool for assessing risk of bias. Outcomes were analyzed as continuous and meta-analyses conducted using random effects models with Review Manager (RevMan) computer software. Twenty-four studies met inclusion criteria (n = 936 participants at study completion); the majority of participants were men (73 %) and the bulk were taking antiretroviral therapy (19/24 included studies). The exercise intervention included aerobics alone (11 studies) or a mixture of aerobic and resistive exercise (13 studies) starting from 5 to 52 weeks.