Livestock Production Ecosystem

livestock sector globally is very dynamic. In developing countries, it's evolving in response to rapidly increasing demand for livestock products. In developed countries, demand for livestock products is stagnating, while many production systems are increasing their efficiency and environmental sustainability. Historical changes within the demand for livestock products are largely driven by human increase , income growth and urbanization and therefore the production response in several livestock systems has been related to science and technology also as increases in animal numbers. within the future, production will increasingly be suffering from competition for natural resources, particularly land and water, competition between food and feed and by the necessity to work during a carbon-constrained economy. Developments in breeding, nutrition and animal health will still contribute to increasing potential production and further efficiency and genetic gains. Livestock production is probably going to be increasingly suffering from carbon constraints and environmental and animal welfare legislation. Demand for livestock products within the future might be heavily moderated by socio-economic factors like human health concerns and changing socio-cultural values. there's considerable uncertainty on how these factors will play call at different regions of the planet within the coming decades. it problems, including potentially significant contributions of greenhouse gases, and contamination and overuse of water supplies. Furthermore, the conversion of forage to animal biomass in regions where forage quality is poor is inefficient and overgrazing can degrade plant communities, even to the purpose of desertification.      

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