HIV Transmission

 HIV is transmitted between humans through the exchange of certain types of bodily fluids. Bodily fluids that can transmit HIV include blood, semen, breast milk, and vaginal fluids .Not all body fluids can transmit HIV. Exchanging saliva, like through closed-mouth kissing or sharing drinks/utensils Coming in contact with an HIV positive person’s tears, sneezes, or sweat Ordinary physical contact, such as hugging, hand shaking, or touching shared objects like cutlery, cups, or toilet seats Air or water .Pets and insects (including mosquitoes) cannot carry the virus and infect you, because transmission of HIV is only between humans. While care needs to be taken in some situations—like when having sex or when open injuries are present—this certainly does not mean that it is unsafe to be around people with HIV. Think of how you interact with the vast majority of people—bodily fluids are not exchanged. Harboring discriminatory thoughts only perpetuates a fearful stigma against someone with HIV, which only hurts the person who has it. HIV is often transmitted through sexual activity and drug use in adults in the United States . Maternal transmission—from mother to child—is how the infection is spread to infants .HIV may be transmitted through certain body fluids that are capable of containing high concentrations of HIV. These fluids include blood, semen, vaginal and rectal secretions, and breast milk.