Finance may be a term for matters regarding the management, creation, and study of cash and investments. Specifically, it deals with the questions of how and why a private , company or government acquires the cash needed - called capital within the company context - and the way they spend or invest that cash .Finance is then often split per the subsequent major categories: finance , personal finance and public finance. At an equivalent time, and correspondingly, finance is about the general "system" i.e. the financial markets that allow the flow of cash , via investments and other financial instruments, between and within these areas; this "flow" is facilitated by the financial services sector. a serious focus within finance is thus investment management called money management for people , and asset management for institutions and finance then includes the associated activities of securities trading & stock broking, investment banking, financial engineering, and risk management. Given its wide scope, finance is studied in several academic disciplines, and, correspondingly, there are several related professional qualifications which will cause the sector. As above, the economic system constitutes the flow of capital, between individuals (personal finance), governments (public finance), and businesses (corporate finance). Although they're closely related, the disciplines of economics and finance are distinct. The "economy" may be a social institution that organizes a society's production, distribution, and consumption of products and services, all of which must be financed.  

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