Inventions are the bedrock of innovation. An invention may be a new solution to a technical problem and may be protected through patents. Patents protect the interests of inventors whose technologies are truly ground-breaking and commercially successful, by ensuring that an inventor can control the commercial use of their invention. a private or company that holds a patent has the proper to stop others from making, selling, retailing, or importing that technology. This creates opportunities for inventors to sell trade or license their patented technologies with others who might want to use them. The standards that require to be satisfied to get a patent are began in national IP laws and should differ from one country to a different. But generally, to get a patent an inventor must demonstrate that their technology is new (novel), useful and not obvious to someone working within the related field. to try to to this, they're required to explain how their technology works and what it can do. A patent can last up to twenty years, but the patent holder usually has got to pay certain fees periodically throughout that 20-year period for the patent to stay valid. In practice, this suggests that if a technology has limited commercial value, the patent holder may plan to abandon the patent, at which point the technology falls into the general public domain and should be freely used.  

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