Chronic Spinal Cord Injury

Spinal cord injury (SCI) could be a serious medical condition that causes practical, psychological and socioeconomic disorder. Therefore, patients with SCI expertise vital impairments in varied aspects of their life. The goals of rehabilitation and alternative treatment approaches in SCI square measure to boost practical level, decrease secondary morbidity and enhance health-related quality of life. Acute and long secondary medical complications square measure common in patients with SCI. However, chronic complications particularly more negatively impact on patients’ practical independence and quality of life. Therefore, prevention, early identification and treatment of chronic secondary complications in patients with SCI is essential for limiting these complications, up survival, community participation and health-related quality of life. The management of secondary chronic complications of SCI is additionally necessary for SCI specialists, families and caregivers still as patients. during this paper, we have a tendency to review knowledge regarding common secondary long complications once SCI, together with metastasis complications, vas complications, urinary and internal organ complications, spasticity, pain syndromes, pressure ulcers, pathology and bone fractures. the aim of this review is to produce an outline of risk factors, signs, symptoms, interference and treatment approaches for secondary long complications in patients with SCI.