To use an Efficient Linearly proportional Band Pass Filters Institution, a High Blood Pressure Prognosis Indicator was established for the unequal Treatment of Rising High Blood PressureAuthor(s): Randy wills
Hypertension (HT) is a high blood pressure that can lead to heart attack, kidney disease, and stroke. At its earliest stages, HT does not cause any symptoms but can result in a variety of cardiovascular diseases. Therefore, it is essential to identify it early on. Due to their small bandwidth and low amplitude, electrocardiogram (ECG) signals are difficult to visually analyse. As a result, an automated ECG-based system is developed to prevent human error in the diagnosis of HT patients. Using ECG signals and an optimal orthogonal wavelet filter bank (OWFB) system, the computerized segregation of low-risk hypertension (LRHT) and high-risk hypertension (HRHT) is proposed in this paper. Patients with syncope, myocardial infarction, and stroke are included in the HRHT class. The physionet smart health ECG event (SHAREE) database, which contains recordings from 139 subjects, is used to obtain the ECG data for risk assessment. ECG signals are first segmented into five-minute epochs. OWFB is used to split the segmented epochs into six wavelet sub-bands (WSBs). From each of the six WSBs, we extract the log-energy (LOGE) and signal fractional dimension (SFD) features. We select the WSBs of LOGE and SFD features with the highest ranking based on Student’s t-test ranking. Using two features—SFD and LOGE—we create a novel hypertension diagnosis index (HDI) that uses a single numerical value to distinguish between the LRHT and HRHT classes. We believe that our developed system can be used in intensive care units to monitor the sudden rise in blood pressure while screening the ECG signals, provided that this is tested with an extensive independent database. The performance of our developed system is found to be encouraging.