Factors associated with under-five mortality in Cambodia: Secondary data analysis of the Cambodia Demographic and Health Survey 2014

Author(s): Samnang UM

Background: Under-five mortality is reflected in socio-economic development, health. Globally, UFMR was 5.3 million in 2018 and more than half of deaths are due to diseases that are preventable and treatable through simple, affordable interventions in developing countries and especially among the most vulnerable populations. UFM is also a major public health problem in Cambodia with a rate of 35 deaths per 1000 live births in 2014. The aim of this study is to examine the prevalence of under-five mortality across provinces and identify the factors associated with the prevalence of under-five mortality.  Methods: The 2014 CDHS data was used in this study. Analyses were conducted on the last births age 0-59 months were 5880 children. The outcome variable is child survival status (alive or dead). Multilevel logistic regression using a backward elimination approach was performed to identify significant factors influencing UFM. The multistage stratified cluster sampling used. Adjusted Odds Ratios, 95%CI, P< 0.05 were used to declare statistical significance.