Exploring the World of Thin Films: Revolutionizing Technology

Author(s): Rajesh Khanna

Thin films have emerged as versatile materials with unique properties and diverse applications in various industries. These nanostructured layers, ranging from nanometres to micrometers in thickness, offer distinct advantages due to their reduced dimensions. This article provides an overview of thin films, including their fabrication techniques, properties, and applications. Fabrication methods such as Physical Vapour Deposition (PVD), Chemical Vapour Deposition (CVD), and Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD) allow precise control over film thickness and composition. Thin films exhibit exceptional optical, electrical, and magnetic properties, making them indispensable in fields such as electronics, optics, energy, and protective coatings. On-going research aims to explore new deposition techniques, materials, and emerging applications, ensuring that thin films will continue to shape the future of technology