Comprehensive Guide to Diabetes Medication and CareAuthor(s): Dr. Koyama Romano
Diabetes medication refers to a range of pharmaceutical treatments designed to manage and control the levels of glucose (sugar) in the blood for individuals with diabetes, a chronic metabolic disorder characterized by high blood sugar levels. There are two main types of diabetes: type 1 and type 2. Type 1 diabetes occurs when the body’s immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cells in the pancreas, leading to a deficiency of insulin, a hormone that regulates blood sugar. People with type 1 diabetes require insulin therapy to survive and usually administer it through injections or insulin pumps. Diabetes medication refers to a variety of pharmaceutical treatments designed to manage blood sugar levels in individuals with diabetes, a chronic medical condition characterized by high blood sugar (glucose) levels. These medications are used to help regulate glucose levels either by increasing insulin production and secretion, improving insulin sensitivity, or reducing glucose production in the liver. There are several classes of diabetes medications, each with distinct mechanisms of action.