Application of special nanomaterials in medicine

Author(s): Alexander V, Petrov Sergey and Valiaev Aleksey

Extensive research of biomaterials at nanoscale has led to development of novel medical technologies including prosthetic devices and new surgical material and methods. In many cases, however, biomechanical properties and health impacts of nanomaterials are poorly understood. The FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) has even established a separate group within the Agency to develop better knowledge of interactions of nanomaterials with biological systems, and to assess the adequacy of testing approaches for evaluating safety, effectiveness, and quality of products containing nanomaterials. 

We present 3 key innovations used in treatment of severe bone injuries among veterans and athletes: (i) Prof. Ilizarov’s apparatus, (ii) ‘Perftorun’, known as ‘blue blood’ therapy discovered by Prof. Beloyartsev in Russia, (iii) ‘Litar’, an artificial bone technology invented by Prof. Krasnov that is used to replace bones defects. Prof. Petrov, a coauthor of this paper, has extensive experience in implementation of novel technologies for health protection and safety including the use of the above mentioned technologies.