A Review on Medicinal and Organic Chemistry

Author(s): Dr. Mahtab Khan

Medicinal chemistry and organic chemistry are two closely related fields that have played a significant role in the development of modern medicine. Organic chemistry is the study of the structure, properties, and reactions of organic compounds, which are primarily composed of carbon, hydrogen, and other non-metals. Medicinal chemistry, on the other hand, is the application of chemical principles and techniques to the design, synthesis, and development of drugs for the treatment of various diseases. Medicinal and organic chemistry are two closely related fields that are crucial for the development of new drugs and treatments. Organic chemistry focuses on the study of carbon-based compounds, including those found in living organisms, while medicinal chemistry involves the design, synthesis, and testing of new drugs. In medicinal chemistry, researchers use their knowledge of organic chemistry to design and synthesize compounds that can interact with specific targets in the body, such as enzymes or receptors. These compounds are then tested in vitro and in vivo to evaluate their efficacy, safety, and pharmacokinetics. Organic chemistry plays a vital role in drug discovery, as many drugs are derived from natural products or are inspired by them. Natural products are complex organic molecules produced by living organisms, such as plants, bacteria, and fungi, and have been used for medicinal purposes for centuries.